Physical Activity and Quality of Life of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cross-sectional Study During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Aktivitas Fisik dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2: Studi Cross-sectional Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58545/jkki.v2i1.22

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted lifestyle changes, especially physical activity, which tends to decline. Lack of physical activity can worsen glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, causing complications affecting their quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the correlation between physical activity and the quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study used a descriptive correlational research design with a cross-sectional approach and 84 respondents obtained by a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using a Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) and a Diabetes Quality of Life (DQOL) questionnaire and analyzed by the Kendall Tau correlation test with a significance level of 0.05. The results showed that 51.2% of respondents had moderate physical activity levels, and 57.1% had a high quality of life. Kendall's tau b test revealed a significant positive correlation between physical activity and the quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients during the COVID-19 pandemic (p-value = 0.015 and r = 0.251). Providing health education about the importance of physical activity is essential, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, to enhance quality of life of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Keywords:

physical activity, quality of life, type 2 diabetes mellitus, COVID-19 pandemic

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Author Biographies

Nur Widayati, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Jember, Indonesia

Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Jember, Indonesia

Rondhianto, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Jember, Indonesia

Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Jember, Indonesia

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Published

12-12-2022

How to Cite

Umardi , A. A., Widayati, N., & Rondhianto. (2022). Physical Activity and Quality of Life of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cross-sectional Study During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Aktivitas Fisik dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2: Studi Cross-sectional Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas Indonesia, 2(1), 92–102. https://doi.org/10.58545/jkki.v2i1.22

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