Warm Compress Therapy to Resolved Acute Pain Nursing Problems: A Case Study





Background: the application of complementary therapies in hospitals is still not optimal. The limitations of the application of nursing interventions are caused by the factor of applying therapy by nurses to patients and education related to therapy to patients is still rarely done. Nurses are still focusing on conventional treatment with pharmacological therapies such as analgesic drugs to relieve pain, while warm compress therapy is still not prioritized. The application of warm compress therapy in the inpatient room of Gardena dr. Soebandi General Hospital Jember to overcome acute pain nursing problems in patients is still rare. Aims: evaluate warm compress interventions in patients with acute pain nursing problems. Method: type of research case study using nursing care method. The sample was a patient treated in the Gardena room of dr. Soebandi General Hospital Jember with acute pain nursing problems. Patients are given nursing intervention in the form of warm compress therapy for 15-20 minutes for 3 days, from January 16 to 18, 2023. Nursing intervention is given through the nursing process, which is teaching directly to patients and families with the right and appropriate techniques to adjust the patient's condition. Results: the provision of nursing interventions in the form of warm compresses can overcome acute pain nursing problems. This is shown by the improvement of the patient's condition that complaints of pain, grimacing and restlessness decrease and sleep patterns improve. Patients can do the therapy independently properly and correctly. Conclusion: warm compress therapy is effective in overcoming acute pain nursing problems.


Acute pain, Warm Compress, Hepatomegaly


Download data is not yet available.


Borrman, M.J., Davis,D., Porteous, A., & Lim, B. (2019). The effects of a severe perineal trauma prevention program in an Australian tertiary hospital: An observational study. Women and Birth, 1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.wombi.2019.07.301

Ding, X., Wu, J., Shen, Q., Xu, J., & Mo, W. (2021). Clinical control study of traditional Chinese medicine hot compress combined with traction in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy. Study Protocol Clinical Trial: Medicine, 1-6. DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000023880

Hadinata, D. (2022). Implementasi Kompres Hangat Terhadap Penurunan Skala Nyeri Pada Pasien Dengan Kolik Abdomen Di Ruang Bandeng 2 RSUD Pantura M.A Sentot Patrol Indramayu Tahun 2022. Jurnal Kesehatan, 93-100.

Ichsan, A.A., Berawi, K.N., Prameswari, N.P., Wahyunindita, R.N. (2020). Predictors for Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) Complications in Pediatric Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) Patients. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 134-141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v10i1.42

Karmani, J., Munadi., Setiawan, J.D., Widyanto, S.A., & Paryanto. (2019). Integration of the Stimulation TENS and Hot Compress Devices Therapy to Relieve Pain. Science Direct: Materials todays (Proceedings), 169-174.

Kemenkes. (2022). Pedoman Nasional Pelayanan Kedokteran Tata Laksana Karsinoma Hati Pada Dewasa. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Khoerunnissa, Fitri, S.U.R., & Harun, H. (2023). Manajemen Nyeri Pada Ny.I dengan Hepatoma (Hepatocellular Carcinoma) di Ruang Rawat Inap Penyakit Dalam RSUD Kabupaten Sumedang : Studi Kasus. Jurnal Riset Ilmiah, 2612-2619. DOI: https://doi.org/10.55681/sentri.v2i7.1197

Modoor, S., Fouly, H., & Rawas, H. (2021). The Effect of Warm Compresses on Perineal Tear and Pain Intensity During the Second Stage of Labor: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Belitung Nursing Journal, 210-218.

Nejad, A.R.S., & Hebden, J.M. (2020). Abdominal Pain Relieved By A Warm Hot Water Bottle: An Atypical Presentation of Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis. European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine.

PPNI. (2017). Standar Diagnosis Keperawatan Indonesia (SDKI): Definisi dan Indikator Diagnostik. Jakarta: DPP PPNI.

PPNI. (2018). Standar Intervensi Keperawatan Indonesia: Definisi dan Tindakan Keperawatan, Edisi 1. Jakarta: DPP PPNI.

PPNI. (2018). Standar Luaran Keperawatan Indonesia: Definsi dan Kriteria Hasil Keperwatan, Edisi 1 . Jakarta: DPP PPNI.

Riadi, E.P.W.A., & Cahyoajibroto, M.A. (2023). Laporan Kasus: Seorang Laki-Laki 30 Tahun dengan Demam Tifoid . Continuing Medical Education, 167-176.

Rodrigues, S., Silva, P., Rocha F., Monterroso, L., Silva, J.N., de Sousa, N.Q., & Escuriet, R. (2022). Perineal Massage and Warm Compresses - Randomized Controlled Trial for Reduce Perineal Trauma duriing Labor. Midwifery, 1-9.

Triani, Y., Hidayat, Y., & Marlianto, N. (2022). Kompres air hangat menggunakan warm water zack (wwz) pada pasien dyspepsia dengan masalah nyeri akut melalui aplikasi teori keperawatan orem UPTD RSUD Basemah Pagar Alam tahun 2022. Jurnal Ilmiah Amanah Akademika (JIHAD)

Virma, S.G., Adelin, P., & Mona, L. (2023). Karakteristik Pasien Sirosis Hepatis di Rumah Sakit Dr.Acmad Mochtar Bukittinggi Periode Tahun 2018-2020. Jurnal Kedokteran Nangggroe Medika, 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35324/jknamed.v6i1.229

Vony, S.E., & Utami, M.B. (2023). Laki-Laki Usia 47 tahun dengan Hepatoma Et Causa Hepatitis B Kronis : Laporan Kasus. Proceeding Book Continuing Medical Education, 1-8.

Wang, J., Liu, W., & Fu, H. (2022). Effects of traditional Chinese Herb Hot Compress Combined with Therapeutic Exercise on Pain, Proprioception, and Functional Performance Among Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Frontiers in Physiology, 01-09.

Yuda, H.T., Malik, A.A., Widianti, W., & Padilah, N.S. (2021). A Case Study: Heat Compress to Reduce Chronic Pain in Hepatoma Patients. Genius Journal, 34-40.

Zhu, Y., Wang, F., Zhou, J., et al. (2023). Effect of Acupoint Hot Compress on Postpartum Urinary Retention After Vaginal Delivery: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Network, 1-13.




How to Cite

Kushariyadi, Maulida, R. R. R., Ridla, A. Z., & Candra, E. Y. S. (2023). Warm Compress Therapy to Resolved Acute Pain Nursing Problems: A Case Study. Jurnal Kegawatdaruratan Medis Indonesia, 2(2), 212–222. https://doi.org/10.58545/jkmi.v2i2.130