Competency Assessment of Health Volunteers in Recording and Reporting Community Health Status in Thailand




Health volunteers are selected based on their community knowledge, even with limited formal education. They play crucial roles including complex and technical tasks, such as recording and reporting. The aim of this study was to compare the competency in recording and reporting among health volunteers based on their education qualifications. A cross-sectional survey was conducted at a subdistrict hospital in Thailand. Data were collected using the newly developed questionnaire from a purposive sample of health volunteers (N=70). Competency differences were assessed using non-parametric statistics between 44 volunteers with primary education and 26 with secondary education or higher. A total of 70 health volunteers were included in the analyses, yielding a participation rate of 95.9% (70 out of 73). The majority of participants were female (84.3%) and the average age was 57.5 years. Those with secondary education or higher demonstrated significantly better competency in recording and reporting community health status (p = .01). The findings emphasize the need to enhance competency among health volunteers with lower education levels. Nurses in primary care settings can provide guidance, training, and continuous support to empower health volunteers for effective performance.


Competency, Data reporting, Health volunteers, Recording , Reporting


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Sirinapha Jittimanee, Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University

Faculty Of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand


Choowong, J., Sawatdee, D., Maneechote, P., Tulyakul, P. (2020). The Development of Village Health Volunteers’ Competencies for Tuberculosis Care in Trang Province, Thailand. Global Journal of Health Science, 12(9), 30-37. DOI:

Cowan, D. T., Norman, E., & Coopamah, V. P. (2007). Competence in nursing practice: A controversial concept – A focused review of literature. Accident and Emergency Nursing, 15, 20-26. DOI:

Fukada, M. (2018). Nursing competency: Definition, structure and development. Yonago Acta Medica, 61(1), 001–007. DOI:

Jiaviriyaboonya, P. (2022). Anthropological study of village health volunteers’ (VHVs’) socio-political network in minimizing risk and managing the crisis during COVID-19. Heliyon, 8, e08654. DOI:

Karuhadej, P., Popijan, M., Danpradit, P. (2019). Effectiveness of increase health volunteer ability program in basic care for the dependent elderly in the communities, Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand. Journal of Health Research, 33(3), 219-227. DOI:

Kimbugwe, G., Mshilla, M., Oluka, D., Nalikka, O., Kyangwa, J., Zalwango, S., Kilizza, U., Turyasiima, M., Ntambazi, L., Walugembe, F., & Galiwango, J. (2014). Challenges faced by village health teams in Amuru, Gulu and Pader districts in northern Uganda. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4(9), 740-750. DOI:

Kowitt, S. D., Emmerling, D., Fisher, E. B., & Tanasugarn, C. (2015). Community health workers as agents of health promotion: Analyzing Thailand’s village health volunteer program. Journal of Community Health. 40, 780-788. DOI:

Krassanairawiwong, T., Suvannit, C., Ponpirul, K., Tunsanga, K. (2021). Roles of subdistrict health office personnel and village health volunteers in Thailand during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Case Report, 14, e244765. DOI:

Kweku, M., Manu, E., Amu, H., Aku, F., Y., Adjuik, M., Tarkang, E. E., Komesour, J., Asalu, G. A., Amuna, N. N., Boateng, L. A., Alornyo, J. S., Glover, R., Bawah, A. A., Letsa, T., Awoonor-Williams, J. K., Phillips, J. F., Gyapong, J. O. Volunteer responsivities, motivations, and challenges in implementation of the community-based health planning and services (CHPS) initiative in Ghana. Qualitative evidence from two systems learning districts of the CHPS+ project. BMC Health Services Research, 20, 482. DOI:

Pongvongsa, T., Nonaka, D., Kobayashi, J., Mizoue, T., Phongmany, P., & Moji, K. (2011). Determinants of monthly reporting by village health volunteers in a poor rural district of Lao PDR. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 42(4), 1269-1281.

Safary, E. (2021). Role of community health volunteers in identifying people with elevated blood pressure for diagnosis and monitoring of hypertension in Malawi: A qualitative study. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 21, 361. DOI:

Sittipreechachan, P., Pichayapinya, P., Lagampan, S., & Chongsuwat R. (2022). A community health volunteer involvement program for glycated hemoglobin reduction among Thai patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes: A mixed-method study. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 13, 1-8. DOI:

Thai Government Gazette. (2023). Ministry of Public Health Order for rights of the village health volunteers, members for receiving the working compensation, 140, pp. 13–15 (in Thai).

Weiss, J., Makonnen, R., & Sula, D. (2015). Shifting management of a community volunteer system for improved child health outcomes: Results from an operations research study in Burundi. BMC Health Services Research, 15(Suppl 1), S2. DOI:

Woldie, M., Feyissa, G. T., Admasu, B., Hassen K., Michell, D., Mayhew, S., McKee, M., & Balabanova, D. (2018). Community health volunteers could help improve access to and use of essential health services by communities in LMICs: An umbrella review. Health Policy and Planning, 22, 1128-1143. DOI:




How to Cite

Jittimanee, S., & Suwankij , J. (2023). Competency Assessment of Health Volunteers in Recording and Reporting Community Health Status in Thailand. Journal of Rural Community Nursing Practice, 1(2), 174–184.